Minggu, 18 September 2011

"Free from the shackles of Education Society "

Not long ago the nation's energy is drained by the concerns of the pros and cons of the National Education Bill to the National Education Law, education again draws our attention. Pros and cons re-occur, despite the problems in Aceh, "Sukhoigate", and the issue of some members of the Assembly spree abroad also contributed to the fore. 

Education issues this time about the high cost of school enrollment and Universities.This issue is a classic problem that is always present from year to year when the new school year will begin. But the big issue of education costs incurred can not be considered a trivial problem, because it concerns justice and rights for all members of society to work together to get a quality education and quality. 

Is since 2000 the government conferred the status of State Owned Legal Entity (BHMN) to several State College (PTN) in Indonesia. PTN that gets mentioned is the status BHMN Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB), Bogor Agricultural Institute (IPB), Universitas Indonesia (UI), and Gadjah Mada University (UGM). The four state universities include PT's most in demand by prospective students in the PT that exist in Indonesia. So do not be surprised if later the four state universities has always been a target for prospective new students. And, a PT that bestatus BHMN now seems to be a matter of prestige and pride in our college world. 

Since the status of the fourth BHMN PTN is increasingly independent course for funds.Because of the status BHMN it also means no longer receive subsidies from the government. In other words, the relevant state university has its own freedom to seek operational funds education respectively. From here the pros and cons and war opinion concerning the amount of education expenses that arise. Why? For the state universities with the status BHMN of course this is advantageous for the reason that, in order to create quality education need to be large and expensive cost. Thus, allowance isensif course lecturers and employees will be increased. Then the issue of education quality can actually be read. Lies not in education costs have to be expensive, but salaries of teachers and lecturers should be high. And I think, this task is closely related to government and policy made in advancing education in the future. 

But for a certain society, a society concerned with the fate of low economic life, which of course has the status BHMN PTN is a frightening specter. Imagine, the high cost of registration and tuition fees, has formalized discrimination to obtain a quality education.Even if the reason that quality education must be expensive, this argument applies only in countries that claim to natural resources is very much of this. Because in Germany, France, Holland, and in other developing countries, according to education experts, too many have the PT-quality but very low tuition fee. Even in some countries there is eliminate the cost of education for its citizens. But why not in Indonesia? Thus, a formula that says the cost of expensive education should apply only in Indonesia alone. This in a sense actually. That is, education alone is expensive, but still far from quality. So do not be too wrong if then arises the term "industrialization and commercialization of education" in our education today. 

Agree or not the term that arises, but the reality is not much different from the meaning of the term in question. Just look at the four state universities with the status jealous BHMN in seeking funding. Each of them compete in the acceptance of new students by opening a "special pathway" to the tariff of Rp. 15 million to Rp. 150 million (gila!). In addition, IPB seek operational funding education in the future by building a mall. ITB in a way to capture prospective new students via search interests, talents, and potential (PMBP) with an obligation to pay money into or registration of Rp. 45 Million. UGM raise money by accepting the registration and conduct tests of new students earlier than other PT, and so on. 

Sofian Effendi (rector of UGM), wrote in Kompas (24/06/2003), that there are two fundamental problems faced by universities in Indonesia. First, the crisis of quality.Second, financial crisis. To deal with the globalization of education that has begun to spread to Indonesia, the world must perform the basic tasks PT. First, improve the quality. Second, maintaining equity of access is maintained. To achieve these goals by Sofian required great expense. This may cause the university he led the controversial policy. But the question that arises is: Why should the expense of justice to get a quality education for the community? If such be the case, what's the difference with PT PT private land? If such policies as the current, then the world of education we have run the program "The rich school and college, the poorer and less economically developed, unemployment alone". Is not this a crime? Lastly, in which the government's responsibility? 

It is ironic indeed, scholars who touted as a scientist, an intellectual, who has always struggled with science, was faced with a critical attitude is lost money. Why not, because the average party-status BHMN PTN was fighting their way in rolling wheel that expensive education. Society has been shackled by the high cost of education. Though attitudes among scientists is expected to arise from campus (read: professors) in addressing this issue otherwise. That is, they should be able to control and be representative in the prevention of the occurrence of "Industrialization and commercialization of education". Why? Since one of the content of tri dharma college is dedicated to the community. Departure from this issue all, the government is also to be blamed. The government's mistake, according to Ali Khomsan (lecturer IPB) in his "Brain Drain" Lecturers PTN is published in one national newspaper published by Jakarta, is located at least giving isensif for teachers and lecturers. To anticipate it, and anticipate the occurrence of brain drain in the education, the government should increase the appreciation for the efforts faculty by providing adequate salaries. Would not it be unfortunate, said Ali, after lecturer dikuliahkan higher abroad, but other countries that obtain the benefits of their knowledge. 

The government indeed has budgeted funds for education as much as 20 percent of the state budget, but when the world of education today began to enter the era of neoliberal education, as many funds, according to some circles still feels lacking. We really should acknowledge that there are many other public sectors that must be considered by the state when making the policies of liberalization. However, policies that can encourage advanced education should diperioritaskan by the government. If not, then our education will continue to be in crisis and the crisis of losing the quality competitiveness of other developing countries. 

Country Germany, France and the Netherlands are developing countries who are also facing the same problem with Indonesia in addressing the state of liberalization in sectors of the public. However, in the field of education they are still providing adequate subsidies. Malaysia for example, the closest example. Formerly this neighboring country who learned about education to Indonesia, and the educators we are always asked to teach there. But now reality is really upside down, now it is we who make Malaysia as a reference in terms of educational progress. This is because the Malaysian government to give adequate attention either to the advancement of education. 

By giving the right to autonomy and status BHMN to several state universities, in my view, indirectly, the Indonesian government wanted to wash their hands of responsibility for education, especially on funding issues. Consequently, there arose a costly education and the commercialization of education in this country. Who is responsible?Rather than discuss the issue of education is expensive, then people will blame the government in this country. Therefore, in order to liberate the people from the shackles of expensive education is currently the responsibility of the government!. In this context, the community should be proud city of Batam. Because local governments (LGs) it would eliminate money for admission to public schools, as said by the Head of Education (Disdik) city of Batam, H. Moaz Ismail, SIP (Riau Mandiri, 24/06/2003)."Decisive action will be taken to the school asking for registration money to prospective students" said Ismail. Then, what about other areas of Indonesia and the government's actions? Allahua'lam. []

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